Overview

Agriculture is mainstay of Pakistan's economy. It accounts for 21% of the GDP and together with agro-based products fetches 80% of the country’s total export earnings. More than 48% of the labour force is engaged in this sector.

The Punjab province has about 29% of the total reported, 57% of the total cultivated and 69% of the total cropped area of Pakistan. It contributes a major share in the agricultural economy of the country by providing about 83% of cotton, 80% of wheat, 97% fine aromatic rice, 63% of sugarcane and 51% of maize to the national food production. Among fruits, mango accounts for 66%, citrus more than 95%, guava 82% and dates 34% of total national production of these fruits.

The mission is to sustain food security and support to national economy, making agriculture cost effective and knowledge based, with emphasis on farmer’s welfare and maintenance of the yield potentials.

Land Utilization Statistics

 

Pakistan
(Area in million hectares)

Punjab
(Area in million hectares)

Geographical Area

79.61

20.63

Forest area

4.55

0.49

Not available for cultivation

23.10

2.97

Culturable waste

8.27

1.52

Cultivated area

22.07

12.52

Total reported area

57.99

17.50

Current fellow

6.69

1.89

Net area sown

15.38

10.63

Area sown more than once

7.30

5.89

Total cropped area

22.68

16.52

 

 

Source: Agricultural Statistics of Pakistan 2013-14