Overview

Agriculture is mainstay of Pakistan's economy. It accounts for 21% of the GDP and together with agro-based products fetches 80% of the country’s total export earnings. More than 48% of the labour force is engaged in this sector.

The Punjab province has about 29% of the total reported, 57% of the total cultivated and 69% of the total cropped area of Pakistan. It contributes a major share in the agricultural economy of the country by providing about 83% of cotton, 80% of wheat, 97% fine aromatic rice, 63% of sugarcane and 51% of maize to the national food production. Among fruits, mango accounts for 66%, citrus more than 95%, guava 82% and dates 34% of total national production of these fruits.

The mission is to sustain food security and support to national economy, making agriculture cost effective and knowledge based, with emphasis on farmer’s welfare and maintenance of the yield potentials.

Land Utilization Statistics

 

Pakistan
(Area in million hectares)

Punjab
(Area in million hectares)

Geographical Area

79.61

20.63

Forest area

4.27

0.49

Not available for cultivation

23.25

2.91

Culturable waste

8.20

1.60

Cultivated area (7+8)

22.04

12.51

Total reported area (2+3+4+5)

57.76

17.51

Current fellow

7.05

2.06

Net area sown

14.99

10.45

Area sown more than once

7.52

6.16

Total cropped area (8+9)

22.51

16.61

Source: Agricultural Statistics of Pakistan 2011-12
 

Land Ownership Pattern in Punjab

Size (Acres)

No. of Farms (%)

Cultivated Area (%)

Less than 12.5

85.00

47.00

12.5-25

10.00

27.00

25-50

4.00

17.00

50-100

1.77

8.00

100-150

Below 1

2.00

Above 150

Below 1

4.00

Source: Agricultural Statistics of Pakistan 2011-12

  • Total number of villages in Punjab  =  27059
  • Total number of farming families    =   3864070  (3.864 million)
  • No. of farming families having land less than 12.5 acres =  3667712 (3.67 million)

Area Irrigated By Different Sources                             

 

Pakistan
(Area in million hectares)

Punjab
(Area in million hectares)

Canals

6.36

3.35

Tubewells

3.79

2.94

Wells

0.31

0.20

Canal tubewells

7.60

7.60

Canal wells

0.25

0.25

Other sources

0.31

0.09

Total irrigated area 18.63 14.41

Source: Agricultural Statistics of Pakistan 2011-12